Kurumoch, Samara

 

ICAO: UWWW

Kurumoch International Airport (IATA: KUF, ICAO: UWWW) is the international airport of Samara, Russia, located 35 km (22 mi) north of the city. Besides Samara, the airport serves Tolyatti - the second largest city in the region. The name of airport originated from the closest village Kurumoch 7 km (4 mi) southwest. The airport is responsible for serving the 4,500,000 citizens of Samarskaya Oblast. Kurumoch used to serve as a hub for Samara Airlines until the airline's dissolution.

Kurumoch became officially operational on May 15, 1961, as a domestic airport. Kurumoch is noted for being the largest airport (by passenger traffic) in the Volga Federal District. In 2014 Kurumoch Airport served 2,337,418 passengers, a +9.7% increase from that of 2013. Air traffic exceeded 29,000 aircraft in 2014, which is an +8.5% increase from the 2013 air traffic count. Kurumoch offered 81 destinations in 2014, the most popular one's being Moscow, Antalya, and Saint Petersburg. Over 60% of the flights were conducted by Aeroflot, Utair, S7 Airlines, Ural Airlines, and Nordwind Airlines. Kurumoch is one of the top 10 busiest airports in Russia.

 

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Strigino, Nizniy-Novgorod

 

ICAO: UWGG

Strigino Airport(IATA: GOJ, ICAO: UWGG) is the international airport serving the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It is located on the outskirts of the city's Avtozavodsky District, 14 km (8.5 mi) southwest of city centre. Strigino is responsible for serving the 3,281,000 residents of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.

Strigino was officially exploited on July 23, 1923, as a domestic airport. Nizhny Novgorod International Airport is one of the oldest airports in Russia. In 2013, Strigino served 917,424 passengers, a +22.8% increase from the passenger traffic of 2012. Nizhny Novgorod's airport served 777,134 (+29.6%) passengers as of September 1, 2014. Strigino is one of the top 25 busiest airports in Russia. Its extraordinarily rapid increase in passenger traffic rate (≤+20.0% annually) is speculated to bring it to top 10 busiest airports in Russia by 2020.

In 2011 HC Airports of Regions won their bid on the investment project into Nizhny Novgorod International Airport. In 2012, certain renovations were made in order to more efficiently exploit the existing facility whilst the new one is being built.

In June 2014, the construction of new terminal started. It is supposed to be opened by December 2015 and be able to handle around 300 passengers per hour. The second terminal will be built after the World Cup in 2018, hosted by Nizhny Novgorod among others, and the aforementioned railway station is planned to be constructed during that time as well. The new terminal was opened on December 29, 2015 as the first flight, from Moscow, was directed there. Airport authority plans to redirect all the domestic flights to the new terminal by February 2016 and all the international flights by April 2016.

 

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UFA

 

ICAO: UWUU

Ufa International Airport (IATA: UFA, ICAO: UWUU) is the primary airport serving Ufa, the capital of Bashkortostan, Russia.

In 2013, the airport handled 2,218,000 passengers, becoming the ninth largest airport in Russia and the largest airport in Russia's Volga Federal District. It is also the largest airport in the federal subject (republic) of the Republic of Bashkortostan.

When Bashkirian Airlines operated, its head office was on the airport property.

On 11 May 1924 the building of the first aircraft hangar near Glumilino village has been completed and on 15 May is opened new club of the aviation within the Bashkirian branch of AFFVS. In 1933 the first ever route opens encompassing over 730 km via Ufa–Sterlitamak–Meleuz–Mrakovo–Baymak–Magnitogorsk–Beloretsk–Ufa. In 1956 Ufa Airport had begun performing technical maintenance of the Yakovlev Yak-12 airplanes and Mil Mi-1 helicopters, which were serving the Bashkirian air routes at that time. Between 1959 and 1962 the airport was under reconstruction and 3 hotel buildings, cargo and fuel storage facilities, a 100-seated dining hall and a garage were built. Also, a new runway was built, as well as radio approach equipment for landing under heavy weather conditions and new radar facilities. The new runway was then capable of receiving Tupolev Tu-124, Antonov An-10 and Ilyushin Il-18 aircraft. In 1964 a new terminal for 400 passengers per hour was built and put in operation. In 2007 the reconstructed terminal of the airport entered into operation. The area of the air terminal has increased more than twice. At the moment many departments are located there. The terminal is equipped with modern facilities and up-to-date outfit. There have been mounted 4 telescopic ramps, 4 elevators and 3 escalators. It is gives the opportunity to serve 600 passengers per hour.

 

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KAZAN

 

ICAO: UWKD

 

 

Kazan International Airport (IATA: KZN, ICAO: UWKD) is an airport located in Tatarstan, Russia, around 25 km southeast of Kazan. It is the largest airport in Tatarstan, and the 15th busiest airport in Russia. Kazan Airport now serves not only Kazan, but practically all of the 3.8 million citizens of the region.

On 15 September 1979, Kazan 2 was completed. On 28 September 1984, Kazan 1 (located inside the city) was shut down, and Kazan 2 was renamed to Kazan Domestic Airport. On 21 February 1986, Kazan Airport gained international rank. This was a drastic announcement, because the USSR Council of Ministers only rarely allowed its citizens to fly out of the USSR.

In 1991, after the fall of the Soviet Union, the Tatarstan region separated from USSR's single Aeroflot airline and created Tatarstan Airlines. This airline didn't gain an efficient amount of investments in its 22 years of service, and its operating license was officially terminated on 31 December 2013.

On 26 October 1992, Kazan got its first international regular flight: Kazan - Istanbul - Kazan. This flight was (and still is) operated by Turkish Airlines and 145 annual trips are made to and from Istanbul, making itthe most popular international route.

In 2008, Tatarstan's president, Mintimer Shaimiev, after winning the bid for the 2013 Universiade Olympic Games, began creating a set of major reform projects of Kazan. Apart from repairing the streets, bringing in investments, integrating English language and improving the bus route system in Kazan, Shaimiev also began to completely redesign Kazan's airport. He designed the blueprints for Terminal 1A, and planned out the complete refining of the airport between 2008-2025. Shaimiev's successor and today's president of Tatarstan, Rustam Minnikhanov, used the blueprints, which were made in 2009, to begin the construction of Terminal 1A and a complete redesign of Terminal 1 (essentially also a new reconstruction).

First, a new 3700 meter runway was built, and edge lights were added on both of the runways. This made it possible for the airport to operate 24/7. In 2012, a new airport fire station was built. In 2012 the construction of Terminal 1A began. Later that year, Terminal 1 began its own renovation. Terminal 1A was officially opened on 7 November 2012. Terminal 1 finished renovations on 22 June 2013.

Today, the new airport has more than 30 check-in slots and seven conveyor belts. It has three separate duty-free shops, selling merchandise such as alcohol, cigars and cigarettes, chocolates. It offers popular brands such as Costa Coffee. The airport can sustain around three million passengers. Further expansions and the creation of Terminal 2 will occur before the FIFA 2018 World Cup.

Following the Skytrax Airport and Airline Awards, Kazan Airport was nominated for 4 stars in 2014, and was called Russia's and CIS's best airport.

 

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Tsentralniy, Saratov

 

ICAO: UWSS

Tsentralny Airport (IATA: RTW, ICAO: UWSS) is an international airport located near Saratov city. It serves as the homebase for Saratov Airlines.

The Airport holding Russian Airports of Regions is investing to build the new terminal of the airport which began in January 2015.

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SOCHI, ADLER

 

ICAO: URSS

Sochi International Airport (IATA: AER, ICAO: URSS) is an airport located in Adler District of the resort city of Sochi, on the coast of the Black Sea in the federal subject of Krasnodar Krai, Russia. Sochi International Airport is among ten largest Russian airports with an annual passenger turnover of 2.4 million people. The airport has been recognized as the best regional airport at the 3rd annual forum "Development of Russia and CIS airports – 2013", held by Adam Smith Conference.

The airport is run by an international joint venture of Basic Element group, Sberbank and Changi Airports International.

Sochi International Airport was the main gateway during the 22nd Olympic Winter Games. It served over 350,000 passengers on February 1–28, 2014. Over 2,800 tons of luggage was handled during the Olympic period.

 

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Gumrak, Volgograd

 

ICAO: URWW

Volgograd International Airport (IATA: VOG, ICAO: URWW) is an airport located 15 km northwest of the city of Volgograd in Russia. It comprises a civilian airport built on top of an older military runway (3300 m), now demolished. The terminal area parks 42 medium/large aircraft and 91 small aircraft.

A military training unit was present at Gumrak as late as 1994, the 706 UAP (706th Aviation Training Regiment), using Aero L-39 aircraft. However a more recent report puts 706 UAP at Beketovsk until 1997. Volgograd Airport served as base for Air Volga. When the airline went bankrupt in April 2010, its aircraft and most of the routes were taken over by RusLine.

In 2012 it was announced that Volgograd airport would have a new terminal and runway built which would bring the airport up to European standards, it is currently being built and will be complete sometime in 2017

The airport, then named Gumrak Airport, was used by the German 6th Army as fuel and supply depot (alongside with Pitomnik Airfield) during the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942/43. After the fall of Pitomnik on 17 January 1943, Gumrak was the only one of seven airfields around Stalingrad still in German hands. On 22 January, a last He 111 aircraft left the airfield with 19 wounded soldiers, the last flight out of Stalingrad for the 6th Army. Gumrak eventually was recaptured by the 293rd Rifle Division on 23 January, leaving the 6th Army without any means of direct support.

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Pashkovsky, Krasnodar

 

ICAO: URKK

Krasnodar International Airport (Pashkovsky) - the international airport of federal significance in the city of Krasnodar. Located on the eastern outskirts of Krasnodar, 12 km from its center.

The official name of the airport - "International Airport Krasnodar". Airport operator - JSC "International Airport Krasnodar". Included in the aviation holding company "Basel Aero". It is the second largest airport of South Russia (after the Sochi airport), occupies the 9th place in passenger traffic amongst Russian airports (after Moscow airports (Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo), St. Petersburg (Pulkovo) airport Simferopol, Ekaterinburg (Koltsovo), Sochi Airport and Novosibirsk (Tolmachevo). On serve the airport in Krasnodar Krai 3.7 million people.

Krasnodar Airport (Pashkovsky) has three runways.

Reconstruction of the existing airport is divided into several stages and will be fully completed in 2018. In parallel with the design of the new airport works on the reconstruction of the airfield infrastructure. The project involves the reconstruction of the runway, apron construction, creation of complex engineering structures, upgrading of technical equipment for aircraft maintenance. Work on the reconstruction of the airfield infrastructure is scheduled for completion in the I quarter of 2015. After completion the airport Krasnodar airport will be able to accept almost all types of modern aircraft, expected to arrive at the airport a number of major foreign airlines. In 2013, on the site of the main taxiway (M) built a temporary runway 05TS / 23TS. In early 2014, the runway is equipped with a light-signal (MTR), radio (PTO) and meteorological equipment, in April 2014 made flyby MTR and PTO. This will allow the aircraft takeoffs and landings on runway 05TS / 23TS, and main runway 05R / 23L closed for reconstruction. Admission and release the aircraft with a temporary runway 05TS / 23TS is made from 24 July, 2014.

 

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PLATOV

 

ICAO: URRP

Platov International Airport (IATA: ROV, ICAO: URRP)(Russian: Международный аэропорт Платов) is an airport close to the stanitsa of Grushevskaya, Aksaysky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia near the city of Novocherkassk northeast of Rostov-on-Don. It serves Rostov-on-Don (as a replacement for the old Rostov-on-Don Airport) and started operation in December 2017. It is named after Matvei Platov.

It was originally planned that the airport would open in November 2017, with passenger navigation starting on 1 December 2017. The project has a capacity of 5 million passengers per year. Azimuth will be the main company serving the airport. The airport was opened on 27 November 2017, with the new highway to the airport and final tests before the operations would commence. The airport commenced passenger service on 7 December 2017, and the old airport was scheduled to officially cease all its operations on 1 March 2018.

Name choice
Initially, the project name was "Yuzhny" (eng. South). During the voting procedure for the new airport's name, "Platov" was the top choice with 40% of overall votes, whereas "Yuzhny" and "Rostov-on-Don International" had 27% and 34% respectively. Therefore, on 20 January 2017, Government of Russian Federation officially named the airport "Platov International Airport". The airport was called in honor of Matvei Platov, a Russian general commanding the Don Cossacks.

Certification and opening
At the end of September, the airport construction was finished. Then, 16 October, Rosaviation had approved the new airport and the airport plans to commence the testing procedure till 20 November. After all the stages are done, the airport plans to fully open 1 December. The old airport will close, due to development issues, caused by the location inside town. More likely, the building will be demolished. On 18 November, the first aircraft Airbus A319 of Rossiya Airlines and Sukhoi Superjet 100 of Azimuth landed at the airport. These were the test mode flights. On 24 November 2017, the first 150 volunteers tested the new airport's equipment. On 27 November, Platov received its IATA code ROV from the current airport, whereas old airport received a new IATA code RVI.

The airport was officially opened on 7 December 2017 at 11:00am, with the first passenger flight of Pobeda Boeing 737-800 arriving from Moscow–Vnukovo, following with other domestic and international flights.

At the time of construction, Platov airport was named the most expensive airport in Russia.

Passenger main terminal
The airport terminal is 50,000 m². There are 7 air-bridges and 10 gates for boarding by apron buses. Moreover, the airport complex contains a cargo and VIP terminal with an area of 2,880 m². The car parking is constructed to accept a maximum number of 2500 cars.

VIP terminal
The airport also will have a VIP terminal, with a total area of 2,880 m². Currently, the complex is still under construction and planned to be opened in early 2018. The terminal allows a maximum number of 65 passengers, with a lounge area.

Road
Currently, the airport is connected to the city center by M4 highway, which was reconstructed before the airport construction finished. From 1 December, when the flights commence officially, the new shuttle vans will go to the city center every 20 minutes, nevertheless, the Rostov government had purchased 20 vans for this route.

Railway
In perspective, the Aeroexpress is also planned for the route to city center, but only in case of annual passenger flow of 6 million, which is possible. Currently, the government of Rostov, are planning to construct a railway line that, apart from Rostov-on-Don, will serve other big habitations, located nearby the airport.

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BARATAEVKA, ULIANOVSK

 

ICAO: UWLL

JSC "Airport Ulyanovsk", International Airport Ulyanovsk (Barataevka) - civil airport of federal significance. By order of the Governor of the Ulyanovsk region No. 111-pr from 25.02.2011 the airport was named after Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin. Located 9 km south-west of the center of Ulyanovsk, 3 km south of the village of Barataevka (part of the city).

The official name of the airport at the federal level is "Ulyanovsk (Barataevka)" ..

Aerodrome "Ulyanovsk (Barataevka)" refers to the class "A". In the State Register of Airports of the Russian Federation, the certificate number of the FAVT A.02320 is assigned.

Ulyanovsk also has an international airport "Ulyanovsk-Vostochny", which is the flight-testing base of Russia's largest aviation-industrial complex "Aviastar" and the airport mainly for charter cargo and passenger traffic.

Airport History
- 1913 year. The first plane, demonstrating flights over the Fair Square, appeared in the sky over Simbirsk.
- 1924 - the agitation flight from Tsaritsyn finished in Ulyanovsk. At the same time among the city's residents there were the first air passengers - within a week the plane rolled the Ulyanovites over the city.
- Since 1925, work began on equipping the airfield. Originally, the 3rd Air Squadron of the 173 Kuibyshev Aviation Squad was based here, operating nine Po-2 and one An-2 aircraft. Ten years later, when the Higher Flight Training Courses were organized here, the aviation received a permanent "residence permit" in Ulyanovsk.
- In 1955, the construction of a modern airport building with a capacity of 50 passes per hour began. The new terminal was commissioned in 1957. Now this building remains "in line" - here is the airfield service of the Ulyanovsk School of Civil Aviation. The first airline was opened on the Kuibyshev-Ulyanovsk-Moscow route by planes An-2 and Il-14. For a long time Ulyanovsk airfield could take only small aircraft, and the runway was located not far from the territory of the car factory.
- In 1970, with the participation of the Leningrad branch of the Lenaeroproekt Institute, a new air terminal with a capacity of 400 passengers / hour was built and put into operation.
- In 2009, the President of the Russian Federation issued a decree on transferring 100 percent of airport shares from federal to regional property. Soon a large-scale reconstruction of the terminal building began.
- In 2010, it was carried out the design of its full reconstruction at the expense of the budget of the Ulyanovsk region. At present, OJSC Ulyanovsk Airport is a successfully developing enterprise in the aviation industry with a reliable competitive position in the market of these services in the region.
- In 2013 the main part of the reconstructed building of the terminal with the capacity of the terminal of 240 passengers per hour was put into operation.
- On July 24, 2014, by order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1382-r, the airport Ulyanovsk (Barataevka) is open for international flights of aircraft.
- June 13, 2016, the reconstruction of the runway was started. All regular flights are performed from the airport of Ulyanovsk-Vostochny. The opening of the airport is constantly postponed due to the regular change of contractors. On April 3, 2018, the month of the opening was marked May of the current year

Specifications
Barataevka Airport is able to receive airplanes and helicopters of all types, has runways:

with artificial surface (MCP) magnetic course 021-201 °, size 3826 × 60 m, surface coating - cement concrete 20 cm, reinforced concrete 30 cm, PCN 63 / R / C / X / T;
reserve ground (GVPP) magnetic course 021-201 °, size 2500 × 100 m, located 90 m west of the runway and parallel to it, designed for emergency landing of aircraft of all types;
ground (GVPP) for receiving and releasing aircraft of category A (An-2, An-28, L-410 and similar aircraft, and helicopters of all types), the magnetic course 109-289 °, 800 × 60 m in size, is located in northwestern part of the aerodrome.
The aerodrome is round the clock action, designed for carrying out transport, training, training and research flights. The UIGA (Ulyanovsk Institute of Civil Aviation), which operates aircraft of types Yak-18T, M-101T, DA-42, DA-40NG, An-2, is based at the airfield.

Accepted types of aircraft
The airport can accept the following types of aircraft: Boeing-737-500, Boeing-777, Airbus A320, An: -12, -22, 24, -26, -30, 32, -72, -74, -124, -140, IL -18, -62, -76, -86, -96, -114, Yak: -40, -42, Tu: -134, -154, -204, -214 and below, CRJ-200, Sukhoi Superjet 100, McDonnell Douglas: -81, -82, -83, -87, -88, -90, -95, McDonnell Douglas DC-9, M-101T, [10] ATR-72, Pilatus PC-12, [11] helicopters of all types. Classification number of runway (PCN) 44 / R / C / X / T.

Infrastructure and airport services

The airport complex includes:

- The airport complex (area 6700 m2, carrying capacity 240 passengers / hour)
- Administrative building
- Apron with 15 parking lots and taxiway
- Hotel for 60 persons
- Garage

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VOSTOCHNIY, ULIANOVSK

 

ICAO: UWLW

Ulyanovsk-Vostochny is an international airport of federal significance in the city of Ulyanovsk.

In Ulyanovsk, there is another international airport "Barataevka" - (called in the regional media "Ulyanovsk Airport named after N.M. Karamzin"), which is used to carry out the training flights of the Ulyanovsk Flight School of Civil Aviation and for regular flights.

History and current status
The aerodrome was built in 1983 as an experimental aerodrome, a testing base for the Ulyanovsk Aviation Plant. The runway (runway) of the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airfield is one of the longest in the world, its length is 5000 meters (with a width of 105 meters).

In 1991, permission was granted to carry out international flights of domestic and foreign aircraft through the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airfield complex.

Since January 1992, the formation of state control services for the purpose of organizing international flights has begun.

Since 1994, the airfield has been assigned to the list of airfields of joint basing (a separate air squadron is based on the An-2 aircraft of the Armed Forces), registered in the register of civil aviation aerodromes of Russia and is open for flights of all types of domestic aircraft, as well as of foreign types of all, except Airbus A380 . Classification number of runway (PCN) 63 / R / A / W / T.

In 1999, the airport of Ulyanovsk-Vostochny was certified as an international airport.

On May 8, 2001, by order of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation No. 79, the airport "Ulyanovsk-Vostochny" was opened for international flights of cargo and passenger aircraft with a capacity of up to 100 passengers per hour with a 24-hour operating mode.

In accordance with the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1163 of 30 December 2009 "On the establishment of a special port economic zone in the territory of the Ulyanovsk region", a special economic zone (POEZ) was established on the territory adjacent to the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airport, customs zone and apply tax incentives for the development of airport and transport-logistics services. Ulyanovsk PSEZ is designed for maintenance, repair and modernization of aircraft and aircraft (including aircraft engines), as well as for the production of aircraft and aircraft components.

December 1, 2017 on the site of the airport "Ulyanovsk-Vostochny" is deployed a new 235th military transport aviation regiment, which was included in the 18th military transport aviation division. Its formation was made on the basis of the funds of the military unit 45097-2 "An-2". In a short time, a large amount of work was done, the building of the headquarters, special sites were rebuilt. The air regiment is manned by the An-2 and Il-76 aircraft, including the new Il-76MD-90A modification. In the future, VTAP can get both An-124 Ruslan aircraft and medium Il-276 military transport aircraft.

NATO Commercial Transit Center

Information on the creation of the "NATO base" aroused public concern
A spokesman for the governor of the Ulyanovsk region said on March 12, 2012 that the authorities of the region held talks with NATO representatives about the establishment of a commercial transit center of the North Atlantic Alliance in Ulyanovsk. The head of the Ulyanovsk Customs V.Gerasev said that it would be advantageous for Ulyanovsk to become a NATO transshipment point, since it is "loading of transport and taxes". The governor of the region S. Morozov said: "We have been engaged in this project for a long time. We believe that this is a profitable project if NATO and the United States of America agree to create such a point on the basis of the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airport. We believe that this will give us several thousand new jobs. "

On March 21, 2012, Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Rogozin said that the center will be used for the air transportation of certain cargoes (tents, food, medicines) to Iraq and Afghanistan by NATO aircraft, while arms and ammunition will not be transported through Ulyanovsk.

April 5, 2012 Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the presence of NATO personnel (military or civil) in Ulyanovsk is excluded. All cargo will be checked by Russian customs, and operations will be performed by Russian companies. His deputy, Alexander Grushko explained that through the point in Ulyanovsk will be non-military cargo, and that it is possible to create temporary warehouses for NATO cargo. In the spring and summer of 2012, a series of protest actions against the establishment of a transit center took place in Ulyanovsk.

April 17, 2012 Robert Pshel, head of the NATO Information Office in Moscow, also confirmed that it is not "about any NATO base, or about soldiers, tanks and other weapons."

According to the report and. about. Russia's Permanent Representative to NATO Nikolay Korchunov from 9.07.2012 the transit should begin on August 1, 2012. It is governed by Government Decree No. 219 of March 28, 2008, "On the Procedure for Ground and Combined (Rail, Road and Air) Transit through the Territory of the Russian Federation of Arms, Military Equipment and Military Equipment to the International Security Assistance Force in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and in the opposite direction "(with amendments and additions). This document states that when transit of certain ISAF cargoes the "Regulations on the transit of arms, military equipment and military equipment through the territory of the Russian Federation" are not applied, thereby their transit is simplified, they do not require a special permit from the State Customs Committee of the Russian Federation. At the same time, in the appendix to the decree there is a list of goods for which the simplified procedure does not apply.

Difficulties in the interpretation of these documents caused an extensive response among bloggers.

In December 2012, through the combined transit route through Ulyanovsk for the NATO forces in Afghanistan, one ISO container was tested in a test mode, as of April 2013 it was still the only cargo that passed along the route. Air transportation was carried out by the Volga-Dnepr company, by rail the container was sent to Riga. The agreement between NATO and "Volga-Dnepr" about regular transportation as of March 2013 was not signed. According to Alexander Vershbow (NATO Deputy Secretary General), the route through Ulyanovsk is more costly than other transit routes, for example, through Pakistan.

 

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ELISTA

 

ICAO: URWI

Elista Airport is an international airport of federal importance in the city of Elista, the capital of the Republic of Kalmykia.

 

City `s history

In 1845, the Russian Emperor Nicholas I issued a decree on afforestation of the Kalmyk steppe. The first landings were made by the forest department in 1853 in the south of Ergeni and in the Elista gully. To increase the area of ​​forest plantations, labor was needed, so the forest department petitioned the Ministry of State Property to organize the settlement of the Elista Forest Plantation. Kumo-Manichesky scientific expedition under the guidance of scientist Kostenkov outlined in 1859-1861 years 15 places for the formation of settlements along the Crimean tract between the station Krestovskaya and Astrakhan, including in the Elista gully.

Before the formation of the first settlement, Kalmyks camped in the Elista girder, wandering around Manych. Kalmyks called this place Elstoy (Kalmy sandy) for the fact that the entire left-hand northern slope of the girder was friable sands. This name was fixed and for the village that arose here. The founder of Elista is the former Russian serf farmer Stepan Prokopievich Kiikov, who, on the advice of Kolya Bolya in the spring of 1862, built the first dugout in the Elista-Sale beam. By the autumn of 1865 there were 15 households in the village. This year is considered the year of the founding of the city. Elista's largest fame was brought by the largest cattle fairs in the Kalmyk steppe.

Administratively, the village belonged to the Krestovskaya volost of the Chernoyarsky district of the Astrakhan province. Later it became the center of the Elista volost. In 1907, Elista became the center of the Manych region of the Kalmyk steppe of the Astrakhan province. The ulus building, a boarding school, and a hospital were built. In 1912, a telegraph line was sent from the village of Remontnoy.

In February 1918, Soviet power was established. November 4, 1920 issued a decree on the establishment of the Autonomous Region of the Kalmyk people. Temporarily the regional authorities and administrations were located in Astrakhan.

Elista on the postage stamp of 1961. The stamp depicts the modern cultural center "Rodina"
In 1925, the 5th Congress of Soviets of Kalmykia decided to move the center of the region to Elista. April 29, 1926, the All-Russia Central Executive Committee approves the decision of the congress and instructs the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR to render necessary assistance to the Kalmyk regional executive committee in the construction of a new city. It began in 1927, when the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR adopted a resolution transferring the center of the Kalmyk Autonomous Region from Astrakhan to Elista. Funds were allocated for the construction of administrative, cultural, residential buildings and residential buildings. May 27, 1928 in connection with the move here all regional institutions held a grand opening of the plenum of the regional executive committee. On March 10, 1930, the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee decided to convert the village of Elista Kalmyk Autonomous Region into a city, combining it with the city under construction of the same name.

August 12, 1942 during the Great Patriotic War the city was occupied by German fascist troops. During the occupation, the Soviet underground was active, in the neighborhood there were two partisan detachments. At this time, in the suburbs, in the Gashun gully, the occupation authorities shot civilians and partisans. September 9, 1942 was shot by 600 Jews who lived in the city. On December 31, 1942, Elista was liberated by the Red Army. Retreating German troops almost completely burned the city.

On December 28, 1943, the Kalmyk people along with other peoples of the Caucasus were forcibly deported to Siberia, North Kazakhstan and the Far East. In the period from 1944 to 1957, the Kalmyk ASSR was abolished. On May 25, 1944, by decree No. 129 of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Elista was renamed Stepnoy and became the center of the Stepnovsky district, which first entered the Astrakhan region, and from 1952 - to the Stavropol Territory. After the liquidation of the Kalmyk autonomy and the deportation of the Kalmyks, the city practically did not recover, being in ruins. As a result, the remaining residents huddled, mainly on the outskirts of the city, in the so-called village. For 13 years, the House of Soviets (now the main building of KSU) was demolished. Within the city there functioned the collective farm. Stalin, a mill and a small dairy plant .

The active restoration of the capital began only in 1957 after the debunking of the cult of Stalin, the rehabilitation of the Kalmyks and the decision to restore the Kalmyk statehood. On November 6, 1969, a railway station was opened and a railway branch to the station Divnoe was put into operation, factories of reinforced concrete structures, large-panel housing construction and sand-lime bricks, and a claydite plant began operating.

In 1970-1980 housing construction continued, new cultural and educational institutions were opened. In these years, the roads Elista - Astrakhan and Elista - Volgograd receive asphalt.

In 1990-2000, the construction of monuments and buildings begins, which reflect the cultural tradition of the Kalmyk people. The city becomes one of the Buddhist centers of Russia.

 

 

Scenery
Last update date: 15.07.2018
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size 207,83 MB

Photoreal terrain
Last update date: 15.07.2018
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size 965,24 MB

Photoreal terrain
Last update date: 15.07.2018
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size 600,03 MB

 


                   

 

 

Phototerrain of the South Federal District of Russian Federation

 

Phototerrain of the Southern Federal District from Roman Golovinov! We meet the excellent work of the author. Quality is still at a high level, fly and enjoy!

Installation of photo substrates

Unpack to the folder / Custom Scenery set priorities in the file scenery_packs.ini

Example

SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / ... USER Airports

SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / ... x-flight PhotoPod Airports
...
...
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / Global Airports /
...
...
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / ... OSM ... W2Xplane ... w2xp
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / w2xp_KZ_Almaty_UAAA_CIS_fasades /
...
...
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / ... Library
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / world-models /
...
...
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / yOrtho4XP_Overlays_XP11 /
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / zOrtho4XP_XX-XX /
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / zOrtho4XP_XX-XX /
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / zOrtho4XP_XX-XX /
SCENERY_PACK Custom Scenery / zOrtho4XP_XX-XX /

Autogen installation w2xp, World2XPlane, OSM
The set comes with the generation of autogen World2XPlane (w2xp) using maps from the resource https://extract.bbbike.org/ and the modified libraries of the author Alexander Mochalin.

Unpack the w2xp script and modified world-models libraries into the Custom Scenery folder prioritize the scenery_packs.ini file, see the example above. For self-generation, the coverage map is archived in .pbf format

 

 

Аэропорт Сочи от нашей команды без статичных обьектов. (Не обновляется)

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Scenery
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size 177,42 MB

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size 8,66 MB

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size 596,44 MB

Scenery
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size 1,65 GB

Scenery
Last update date: 23.07.2018
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size 519,43 MB

Scenery
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size 1,26 GB

Scenery
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size 1,95 GB

Scenery
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size 1,98 GB

Scenery
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size 613,03 MB

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size 1,08 GB

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size 1,86 GB

Scenery
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size 1,95 GB

Scenery
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size 1,78 GB

 


                       

 

 

 

 

 

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