Ulyanovsk-Vostochny is an international airport of federal significance in the city of Ulyanovsk.
In Ulyanovsk, there is another international airport "Barataevka" - (called in the regional media "Ulyanovsk Airport named after N.M. Karamzin"), which is used to carry out the training flights of the Ulyanovsk Flight School of Civil Aviation and for regular flights.
History and current status
The aerodrome was built in 1983 as an experimental aerodrome, a testing base for the Ulyanovsk Aviation Plant. The runway (runway) of the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airfield is one of the longest in the world, its length is 5000 meters (with a width of 105 meters).
In 1991, permission was granted to carry out international flights of domestic and foreign aircraft through the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airfield complex.
Since January 1992, the formation of state control services for the purpose of organizing international flights has begun.
Since 1994, the airfield has been assigned to the list of airfields of joint basing (a separate air squadron is based on the An-2 aircraft of the Armed Forces), registered in the register of civil aviation aerodromes of Russia and is open for flights of all types of domestic aircraft, as well as of foreign types of all, except Airbus A380 . Classification number of runway (PCN) 63 / R / A / W / T.
In 1999, the airport of Ulyanovsk-Vostochny was certified as an international airport.
On May 8, 2001, by order of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation No. 79, the airport "Ulyanovsk-Vostochny" was opened for international flights of cargo and passenger aircraft with a capacity of up to 100 passengers per hour with a 24-hour operating mode.
In accordance with the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1163 of 30 December 2009 "On the establishment of a special port economic zone in the territory of the Ulyanovsk region", a special economic zone (POEZ) was established on the territory adjacent to the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airport, customs zone and apply tax incentives for the development of airport and transport-logistics services. Ulyanovsk PSEZ is designed for maintenance, repair and modernization of aircraft and aircraft (including aircraft engines), as well as for the production of aircraft and aircraft components.
December 1, 2017 on the site of the airport "Ulyanovsk-Vostochny" is deployed a new 235th military transport aviation regiment, which was included in the 18th military transport aviation division. Its formation was made on the basis of the funds of the military unit 45097-2 "An-2". In a short time, a large amount of work was done, the building of the headquarters, special sites were rebuilt. The air regiment is manned by the An-2 and Il-76 aircraft, including the new Il-76MD-90A modification. In the future, VTAP can get both An-124 Ruslan aircraft and medium Il-276 military transport aircraft.
NATO Commercial Transit Center
Information on the creation of the "NATO base" aroused public concern
A spokesman for the governor of the Ulyanovsk region said on March 12, 2012 that the authorities of the region held talks with NATO representatives about the establishment of a commercial transit center of the North Atlantic Alliance in Ulyanovsk. The head of the Ulyanovsk Customs V.Gerasev said that it would be advantageous for Ulyanovsk to become a NATO transshipment point, since it is "loading of transport and taxes". The governor of the region S. Morozov said: "We have been engaged in this project for a long time. We believe that this is a profitable project if NATO and the United States of America agree to create such a point on the basis of the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airport. We believe that this will give us several thousand new jobs. "
On March 21, 2012, Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Rogozin said that the center will be used for the air transportation of certain cargoes (tents, food, medicines) to Iraq and Afghanistan by NATO aircraft, while arms and ammunition will not be transported through Ulyanovsk.
April 5, 2012 Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the presence of NATO personnel (military or civil) in Ulyanovsk is excluded. All cargo will be checked by Russian customs, and operations will be performed by Russian companies. His deputy, Alexander Grushko explained that through the point in Ulyanovsk will be non-military cargo, and that it is possible to create temporary warehouses for NATO cargo. In the spring and summer of 2012, a series of protest actions against the establishment of a transit center took place in Ulyanovsk.
April 17, 2012 Robert Pshel, head of the NATO Information Office in Moscow, also confirmed that it is not "about any NATO base, or about soldiers, tanks and other weapons."
According to the report and. about. Russia's Permanent Representative to NATO Nikolay Korchunov from 9.07.2012 the transit should begin on August 1, 2012. It is governed by Government Decree No. 219 of March 28, 2008, "On the Procedure for Ground and Combined (Rail, Road and Air) Transit through the Territory of the Russian Federation of Arms, Military Equipment and Military Equipment to the International Security Assistance Force in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and in the opposite direction "(with amendments and additions). This document states that when transit of certain ISAF cargoes the "Regulations on the transit of arms, military equipment and military equipment through the territory of the Russian Federation" are not applied, thereby their transit is simplified, they do not require a special permit from the State Customs Committee of the Russian Federation. At the same time, in the appendix to the decree there is a list of goods for which the simplified procedure does not apply.
Difficulties in the interpretation of these documents caused an extensive response among bloggers.
In December 2012, through the combined transit route through Ulyanovsk for the NATO forces in Afghanistan, one ISO container was tested in a test mode, as of April 2013 it was still the only cargo that passed along the route. Air transportation was carried out by the Volga-Dnepr company, by rail the container was sent to Riga. The agreement between NATO and "Volga-Dnepr" about regular transportation as of March 2013 was not signed. According to Alexander Vershbow (NATO Deputy Secretary General), the route through Ulyanovsk is more costly than other transit routes, for example, through Pakistan.
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